17. Proclamation 7747 of 30 December 2003 was instituted by the USSFTA with respect to the United States and included in the HTS, in accordance with the USSFTA Act, the timetable for tariff reductions and the rules of origin necessary or proportionate to the implementation of the USSFTA. The full text of the agreement between the United States, Mexico and Canada is available here. On December 12, 2019, the Mexican Senate adopted the revised treaty by 107 votes to 1.  On April 3, 2020, Mexico announced its readiness to implement the agreement and joined Canada, although it requested that its auto industry have additional time to comply with the agreement.  U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) has established a USMCA centre to serve as a one-stop shop for information on the USMCA. The USMCA Center coordinates CBP`s implementation of the USMCA agreement and ensures a smooth transition through consistent and comprehensive guidelines for our internal and external stakeholders. On December 10, 2019, the three countries reached a revised USMCA agreement. On January 29, 2020, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs Chrystia Freeland introduced the USMCA C-4 Transposition Act in the House of Commons and passed the first reading without a registered vote.
On February 6, the bill passed second reading in the House of Commons by 275 votes to 28, with the Bloc Québécois voting against and all other parties voting in its favour, and it was referred to the Standing Committee on International Trade.    On 27 February 2020, the committee voted to send the bill to Parliament for third reading, without amendments. USMCA countries must comply with IMF standards to avoid exchange rate manipulation. The agreement requires disclosure of market interventions. The IMF may be summoned as an arbitrator if the parties argue.  On June 19, 2019, the Mexican Senate ratified the agreement (114 yes, 3 no, 3 abstentions).  Mexico`s ratification process will be completed when the President announces its ratification to the Federal Register. The North American Labour Cooperation Agreement (NAALC) came into force in January 1994. It is one of two parallel agreements to the North American Free Trade Agreement between the United States, Canada and Mexico.
The agreement is managed by the Commission for Professional Cooperation, composed of a Council of Ministers and a trinational secretariat, based in Washington D.C. Currently, four provinces (Quebec, Alberta, Manitoba and Prince Edward Island) are signatories to NAALC through an intergovernmental agreement. In Canada, the Office for Inter-American Labour Cooperation acts as a Canadian NAO within the Labour Branch of Human Resources and Skills Development Canada. The Canadian NAO also provides for the filing and receipt of public communications (complaints) on labour law issues that arise in the territory of another contracting party and serves as the official auditing body in Canada. (25) In order to make technical adjustments corresponding to tariffs in the “Tariff Rate 1” sub-column for certain sub-positions relating to certain argentine and Ukrainian products, Note 4 (d) and relevant HTS sub-positions are amended in accordance with Schedule IX of publication 5060. The U.S.-Mexico agreement is based on the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which originally came into force on January 1, 1994. The agreement under consideration was the result of more than a year of negotiations including possible U.S. tariffs on Canada, in addition to the possibility of separate bilateral agreements.  On May 30, Robert E.